The Tudors Recap – Season 4 Footnotes Episodes 1-4

Bibliography

Books

Fox, Julia, Jane Boleyn: the Infamous Lady Rochford, Weidenfield and Nicholson 2007

Fraser, Antonia, The Six Wives of Henry VIII, Arrow 1998

Hutchinson, Robert, The Last Days of Henry VIII, Weidenfield & Nicholson 2005

Russell, Gareth, Young and Damned and Fair, William Collins 2017

Scard, Margaret, Edward Seymour, Lord Protector: Tudor King in all but Name. The History Press 2016

Starkey, David, Six Wives, The Queens of Henry VIII, Vintage 2004

Weir, Alison, Children of England, Pimlico, 1997

Weir, Alison, Henry VIII, King and Court, Pimlico 2002

Online – Primary

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII – British History Online

Calendar of State Papers, Spain – British History Online

Wriothesley’s Chronicle – Google books

Halls’ Chronicle – Internet Archive

Original Letters Relative to the English Reformation Vol 1 (The Zurich letters) .

The Spanish Chronicle Trust nothing (It gets Katherine Howard and Anne of Cleves the wrong way around), probably wasn’t even written by a Spaniard. Likely from Edward’s reign, it’s good for the gossip of the time.

Online – Secondary

Wikipedia, man.

The Anne Boleyn Files

Burnet’s History of the Reformation Vol 4 (copy of Catherine Howard’s confession Vol 4 p504)

RW Hoyle and JB Ramsbury THE ROYAL PROGRESS OE 1541, THE NORTH OF ENGLAND, AND ANGLO-SCOTTISHRELATIONS, 1534-1542 Northern History, XLI: 2, September 2004

Episode 1 – Moment of Nostalgia (Part 1)

One More Time

The Tudors Season 4: Martial, Hardcore, Who do you know from before?

Chapuys is back

1) Fraser, A, Six Wives p329-30, Weir, Alison Henry VIII, p443

2) Letters and Papers, Vol 15 (dated 6th August 1540) item 953, Marillac to Francis I.

Introducing the new new Queen

3) Fraser, A Six Wives, p329, but nothing to support it and I haven’t found it elsewhere, hence a quote from the book.

French Etiquette

4) Letters and Papers Vol 16 (dated 3rd September 1540), item 12, Marillac to Montmorency

5) Russell, Gareth, Young and Damned and Fair, William Collins 2017 p143

6) Russell, Gareth, Young and Damned and Fair, p222-223

7) Russell, Gareth, Young and Damned and Fair, p145

8) Russell, Gareth, Young and Damned and Fair, p149

9) Russell, Gareth, Young and Damned and Fair, copy of full letter text (modernized for spelling etc.) p123-4 (summary of this letter in Letters and Papers Volume 15, dated 15th July 1540, item 875)

Favorites are Problematic

Death by Subtext

10) Starkey, David, Six Wives, p659 (Letters and Papers Volume 16, Dated December 5th 1540, item 314)

11) Russell, Gareth, Young and Damned and Fair, p177-8 (Calendar of State Papers, Spain, 6th February 1541 item 151)

12) Russell, Gareth, Young and Damned and Fair p122-128

13) Russell, Gareth, Young and Damned and Fair p127-9

14) Starkey, David, Six Wives, p661, Gareth Russell Young and Damned and Fair, p126

15) Weir, Alison, Henry VIII King and Court p441 for one. Of my other stalwarts Antonia Fraser skates by very close (implying Joan maybe got a place without saying it), and David Starkey correctly identifies Katherine Tilney as the one who got a place.

The Cowbridge Incidents

16) Letters and papers Volume 15, August 28th 1540, Item 1014

Petal to the Metal

17) Russell, Gareth, Young and Damned and Fair, p97

18) Russell, Gareth, Young and Damned and Fair p150

19) Russell, Gareth, Young and Damned and Fair p99 (National Archives, State papers, 1/168 f.148)

20) Russell, Gareth, Young and Damned and Fair p237 (Incorrect footnote ref – L & P, V 276, can’t be vol 5)

Episode 1: Moment of Nostalgia Part 2

Pardon my caprice

1) Starkey, David, Six Wives, p650

2) Borman, T, Thomas Cromwell , p313 and p435 (Merriman, R.B. (ed) The Life and Letters of Thomas Cromwell 2 Volumes London 1902, Vol 1, p364, and Vol 2 p65)

3) Arthur dying a few days after being exonerated:

Letters and Papers, Volume 17, Dated March 4th 1542, Item 145

‘Heart attack’ narrative Holishead’s Chronicles. (apparently) I have not fully tracked it.

4) History of parliament online

5) Hutchinson, Robert, The Last Days of Henry VIII, p39

6) Hutchinson, Robert, The Last Days of Henry VIII p39 (Letters and Papers Vol 16, 27 June 1541, item 932)

The eyebrows could take a beam out.

Better Beginnings

7) Russell, Gareth, Young & Damned & Fair, p231 (Spanish Calendar of State Papers, Volume 6, 17th May 1541, item 161, para 3)

8) Russell, Gareth, Young & Damned & Fair,p227-8 (Got no idea where this is from, hence the ‘reported’. He also mentions necklaces so it was more than one.)

9) Letters and Papers, Vol 16, 6th May 1541, item 804

It’s about transparency in royal justice

10) Hutchinson, Robert, The Last Days of Henry VIII p39 (Letters and Papers Vol 16, 27 June 1541, item 932)

11) Wriothesley’s Chroncle p126

12) Hall’s Chronicle p842

Rumblings

13) Letters and papers, Vol 15, 28th August 1540, Item 1014

14) Spanish Calendar of State Papers, Vol 6, May 1541, Item 158 (sections 2 & 3) and item 161 (sections 1 & 2), both items letters from Chapuys to the Emperor.

In bed with power

15) Russell, Gareth, Young & Damned & Fair p54

16) Russell, Gareth, Young & Damned & Fair p (Letters and Papers, Vol 16, 5th November 1541, Statement by Manox item 1321)

17) Russell, Gareth, Young & Damned & Fair p74 (Letters and Papers Vol 16, 30th November 1541, Item 1385 )

18) Russell, Gareth, Young & Damned & Fair p69 (State Papers 1/167 f.131)

Dangerous Projections

So the Culpeperapist?

19) Original Letters Relative to the English Reformation (The Zurich Letters) p226-7

20) Original Letters Relative to the English Reformation (The Zurich Letters) p200 (Burnet footnote 1)

The Joy of Consent

Muddy Puddle

Barn Council

Well, the rain came

Episode 2: Sister Part 1

Merry Christmas, My Valentines!

A Day at Court

1) Letters & Papers, Vol 16, 11th Nov 1541, item 1332.

2) Letters & Papers, Vol 16, 4th December 1540, item 311

3) Spanish Chronicle p77

4) Russell, Gareth Young and Damned and Fair, p324

Weir, Alison Henry VIII p454

q) The whole basis seems to be that they reckon it looks like another portrait( a different miniature by a different artist), which they also reckon is Katherine Howard, which it isn’t, and doesn’t. The other portrait is dated by others to 1535 (when Katherine was 12) and ironically the woman in it looks a bit like David Starkey and really nothing like the woman in this portrait.

I mean, I nearly think they had to be talking about the other miniature, because those two do kind of look alike. But every report I’ve seen (haven’t seen the original study) says it’s the blatantly different woman shown here. Attribution is on the source pages.

q2) Fraser, A Six Wives p316 Weir, Alison, Henry VIII, p443 (and others) quoting Letters and papers Vol 16 3rd September 1540, Item 12 (sadly the description is truncated in the digitized version, – I mean who would really want to know what Katherine Howard looked like? with an etcetera, still these historians got to see the originals and they all say more or less the same thing went in that etcetera, petite with a sweet expression)

The Rose without a Thorn

5) Well, start with Wikipedia, where the coin is known as the ‘Crown of the rose’. The Anne Boleyn files has a pretty good record of their search for the truth. That it referred to Katherine Howard was a misinterpretation made by Agnes Strickland in the 19th century, and in the modern popular historians (90s/00s), Fraser got it wrong, Weir got it wrong, Starkey got it right (again).

Starkey, David, Six Wives, (v.long footnote. footnote 17 Ch 72) p810

Russell Gareth, Young and Damned and Fair, p165

Admin meeting in VIP

6) Scard, Margaret, Edward Seymour, p41

To the Royal Coitus Chamber

7) Gareth Russell, Young & Damned & Fair, p67-68

8) Gareth Russell, Young & Damned & Fair, p72-3 (Manox account – Letters and papers 5th November 1541, item 1231)

8a)Gareth Russell, Young & Damned & Fair, p67-68

9)Gareth Russell, Young & Damned & Fair, p72-3 (Letters and Papers 22nd December 1541, item 1649)

Rioting Surrey

10) Robert Hutchinson, The last days of Henry VIII, p183

It’s Christmaaaas

11) Fraser, A, Six Wives p331 (BL Stowe manuscript 559 fols 55-68)

12) Gareth Russell Young and Damned and Fair, p187

The Gifts of Anne of Cleves

13)Gareth Russell Young and Damned and Fair, p18

14)Gareth Russell Young and Damned and Fair, p188

Starkey, David Six Wives p652 (Both refer to Chapuys in Calendar of state papers, Spain, Vol 6, 8th January 1541 item 149)

Snowpiercer Mary

The Presence of Anne of Cleves

15) Gareth Russell Young and Damned and Fair,p191

16) Gareth Russell Young and Damned and Fair, p188-9

Mary’s Second Dad

The Other Anne Bams

Retirement

Elizabeth’s Other Mother

Hold it down

Shall we dance?

17) Gareth Russell Young and Damned and Fair p190

Episode 2: Sister Part 2

  1. From Young and Damned and Fair p69, and The Last Days of Henry VIII p46, (Burnet, G, History of the reformation p?) But finding the source was problematic until I got to The Anne Boleyn Files, which quoted it more fully and gave a link to the online source (Volume 4, p504-505)

2) Burnet’s History of the Reformation Vol 4 (copy of Catherine Howard’s confession Vol 4 p504)

3) Letters and Papers Vol 16, 6th December 1541, Item 1415 (Wm. Pewson)

Letters and Papers Vol 16, 5th November 1541, Item 1320 (Mary Hall – nee Lascelles)

4) One of those lines that gets quoted in a lot of histories, in quotation marks quite often too, but it’s just not important enough to get an attribution or a footnote. All except Spartacus Educational which seems to claim it’s from Mary Hall (Lascelles) and Cranmer’s initital investigation.

A lot of the juicer or just more personal stuff from the investigations stayed in the state papers archive in Kew, rather than getting digitized, so it;s probably in there somewhere it’s just not immediately accessible.

Neuroses at the Seymours

Peak Feud

5)Russell, Gareth, Young and Damned and Fair, p177-8 (Calendar of State Papers, Spain, 6th February 1541 item 151)

The Gifts

6) Russell, Gareth, Young and Damned and Fair, p191 (Calendar of State Papers, Spain, Volume 6 (i) January 8th 1541, item 149)

Feuds

Mr Culpeper and the women

7) Actually Jonas was the translator of English version of the book, which was by Eucharius Rosslin.

The poison has no way out

8) Hutchinson, Robert, The Last Days of Henry VIII p 140 (Letters and Papers, Volume 16, March 3rd 1541, item 589)

9)Letters and Papers, Volume 16, March 3rd 1541, item 589, and item 590 (bit about Cromwell)

The Seduction

10) Russell, Gareth, Young and Damned and Fair, p207-208

11) Russell, Gareth, Young and Damned and Fair p219 (State Papers, 1/167 f.148)

Poking at the Wolves

12) Hutchinson, Robert, The Last Days of Henry VIII p 187

Calling Time

Episode 3: Something For You (Part 1)

Sun and Moon

1) Weir, Alison, Henry VIII King and Court, p445-446

The Giving of Gifts

2) Russell, Gareth. Young & Damned & Fair, p224-225

When they were Demi Gods

The Gift of Knowledge

3) Weir, Alison, Children of England p9-10

Some Feuds are about Hate after all

Dangerous Liaisons

4) Russell, Gareth. Young & Damned & Fair p68

5) Russell, Gareth. Young & Damned & Fair p69 (State Papers 1/167 f131)

A Thing of No Value

6) Starkey, David, Six Wives p643 (Letters and Papers Vol 15, 29th July 1540, item 925)

Prurient Interest

7) Russell, Gareth. Young & Damned & Fair p246

8) Russell, Gareth. Young & Damned & Fair p268

9) Weir, Alison, Henry VIII King and Court, p455

Honi Soit Qui Mal y Pense

There’s Something About Hever

10) Letters and papers, Volume 15, 21st July 1540, Item 901, Marillac to Francis I

About Your Wife

A Working Marriage mode

As you Like it

Evil to him who Evil thinks

Pregnancy Progress

11) Letters and Papers, Volume 16, 10th April 1541, Item 712, Marillac to Montmorency

The Current Second Heir

Episode 3: Something For You (Part 2)

The Reproductive News

1) Letters and Papers Vol 16, 12th May 1541, Item 829 and 14th May 1541, item 832

The Letter

2) Fraser A, Six Wives p 341 Starkey Six Wives, p676

3) Russell, Gareth Young & Damned & Fair p 289

4) reproduced from Russell, Gareth Young & Damned & Fair p290. I’ve added a paragraph break for each sentence for ease of reading, becasue there ain’t much punctuation.

Master Culpeper,

I heartily recommend me unto you, praying you to send me word how that you do.

It was showed me that you was sick, the which thing troubled me very much till such time that I hear from you praying you to send me word how that you do, for I never longed so much for a thing as I do to see you and speak with you, the which I trust shall be shortly now.

That which doth comfortly me very much when I think of it, and when I think again that you shall depart from me again it makes my heart to die to think what fortune I have that I cannot always be in your company.

Yet my trust is always in you that you will be as you have promised me, and in that hope I trust upon still, praying you that you will come when my Lady Rochford is here for then I shall be best at leisure to be at your commandment, thanking you for that you have promised me to be so good unto that poor fellow my man which is one of the griefs that I do feel to depart from him for then I do know no one that I dare trust to send to you, and therefore I pray you take him to be with you that I may sometime hear from you one thing.

I pray you to give me a horse for my man for I had much ado to get one and therefore I pray send me one by him and in so doing I am as I said afor, and thus I take my leave of you, trusting to see you shortly again and I would you was with me now that you might see what pain I take in writing to you.

Yours as long as life endures,

Katheryn.

One thing I had forgot and that is to instruct my man to tarry here with me still for he says whatsomever you bid him he will do it.

Change Places

5) Spanish Calendar of State Papers, Vol 6 Part 1, 26th May 1541 item 163, Chapuys to the Queen of Hungary (2nd paragraph from the bottom)

The Most Beloved

Apartments

6) Russell, Gareth Young & Damned & Fair p252, Letters and Papers Vol16 12th August 1541, item 1089 Marillac to Francis I

The Progress

7) RW Hoyle and JB Ramsbury THE ROYAL PROGRESS OE 1541, THE NORTH OF ENGLAND, AND ANGLO-SCOTTISHRELATIONS, 1534-1542 Northern History, XLI: 2, September 2004 p1

8) Starkey, D Six Wives p662-3 (Letters and papers, Vol 16, 18th July 1541, Item 1011 Marillac to Francis I)

9) Letters and papers, Vol 16, 30th June 1541, item 941, Marillac to Francis I

10) Letters and papers, Vol 16, 7th August 1541, item 1074, report of privy council meeting

11) Russell, Gareth Young & Damned & Fair p259 (State Papers 1/167 f131)

At Home

12) Weir, Alison Henry VIII, p450

13) Russell, Gareth Young & Damned & Fair p276

Are we there yet?

14) Russell, Gareth Young & Damned & Fair p263-64

15) Russell, Gareth Young & Damned & Fair p268-9

16) Russell, Gareth Young & Damned & Fair p269 (Letters and papers Vol 16, 13th November 1541, item 1339 abstracts of interrogations)

17) Letters and papers Vol 16, 13th November 1541, item 1339 abstracts of interrogations

Episode 4: Natural Ally (Part 1)